Private Placement – Private Offering – Boca Raton, Florida Investment Fraud and Misrepresentation Attorney:
What is a private placement?
A securities offering exempt from registration with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) is sometimes referred to as a private placement. Under the federal securities laws, a company or private fund may not offer or sell securities unless the offering has been registered with the SEC or an exemption from registration is available. Private and public companies engage in private placements to raise funds from investors. Private funds, such as hedge funds, also raise investment capital through private placements.
Private placements are not subject to some of the laws and regulations that are designed to protect investors, such as disclosure requirements that apply to registered offerings. One of the exemptions that is available is called a Rule 506(c) offering. Such an offering must comply with a number of requirements such as only accredited investors may invest in a Rule 506(c) offering. This limitation exists because these offerings do not have the same investor protections as, and have unique risks when compared to, offerings that are registered with the SEC.
An accredited investor, in the context of an individual investor, is a person who: had income in excess of $200,000 (or $300,000 with a spouse) in each of the prior two years, and reasonably expects the same for the current year, or has a net worth over $1 million, either alone or with a spouse (excluding the value of the person’s primary residence or any loans secured by the residence (up to the value of the residence).
How will the company or private fund know whether you are an accredited investor?
In a rule 506(c) offering, the company or private fund is required to take reasonable steps to verify your accredited investor status, which could include reviewing documentation, such as W-2s, tax returns, bank and brokerage statements, credit reports and the like.
Depending on the circumstances, the company or private fund may rely on a written confirmation from a third party to verify your accredited investor status. The SEC does not require any specific verification method or process for companies or private funds for these offerings.
If the company or private fund accepts a written confirmation from a third party to verify whether you are an accredited investor, the third party may be a registered broker/dealer, SEC registered investment adviser, licensed attorney or certified public accountant. The third party could be engaged by the company or private fund, or could be retained by the investor (e.g., your personal broker-dealer, investment adviser, attorney or certified public accountant).
You do not have to provide any information if you do not feel comfortable doing so. If you do not provide all of the requested information, you should not be able to invest in the particular offering if the company or private fund is unable to verify that you are an accredited investor.
If the company or private fund offering the securities does not take steps to verify your accredited investor status or allows you to participate in the offering even though you do not meet the income or net worth criteria discussed above, this may be a warning sign that the company or private fund is not complying with the federal securities laws and is something to consider before investing in the offering.
What should you consider when investing in private placements?
Investing in securities, including through private placements, involves risk. You can lose your entire investment. You will not be able to sell the securities you invest in as easily as you would a publicly traded stock. You may have to hold your investment indefinitely. You will likely be provided with less information about your investment than would be required to be disclosed to you if the securities were sold to you in an offering registered with the SEC. Companies and private funds engaging in private placements have more discretion in what information to disclose to you. If the company or private fund does not regularly file reports with the SEC, there will likely be less information available about your investment on an ongoing basis.
You should read and understand all the information that is provided to you regarding the investment, including any offering memorandum or private placement memorandum that describes the investment. Pay particular attention to any risk factors that are described to you. In addition, you should carefully consider the terms of any subscription agreement or other agreements you have to enter into for the investment.
Companies and private funds engaging in a private placement generally must file a notice of sales with the SEC for each new offering by making a notice filing on what is called a Form D. These filings are required no later than 15 calendar days after the first sale of securities in the offering and contain some basic information about the company or private fund and the securities offering. Forms D are publicly available through the SEC’s Edgar website.